Презентація на тему «The “Troubles”»
conflict in Northern Ireland(Ulster):
Local right-wing radical nationalists
GREAT BRITAIN (majority - protestants):
NORTHERN IRELAND (majority -catholics):
Irish nationalists (IRA)
It all has began a long time ago…
Ireland became to dependence of Britain in XVI century. There had been started a confiscation of Irish lands and giving it for english settlers. There were no respect for irish people.
In 1801 Ireland became a part of kingdom…but there were no changes in their politics.
oppressions + crop failure + famine = NUMEROUS ARMED REBELLIONS
1913 – appearance of new national-militaristic organization called irish volunteers, later – Irish Republican Army (IRA). With their help several times there were formed a republic.
This had led todisaffection of Britain. So the conflict turned into the war…
Irish War of Independence1919-1921
21.01.1919 – Irish Republic
Acts of terror, sabotage against british police.
10.03.1920 – splint of Ireland: Southern Ireland (Sinn Fein) and Northern Ireland ( Ulster's nationalists)
6.12.1921 – recognizing Irish Republic by Britain; Northern Ireland remained the part of Britain, but people of NI were against it.
In Northern Ireland (by IRA) continued revolts, which were punished brutally with English police, especially at the end of 50th-end of 60th.
In 1969 Britain sent its forces to Ulster. In had sharpen contradictions, also with catholic increasing awareness. But solving crisis obstructed radial parts of IRA (from 1970 – Timely IRA).
10.04.1998 – Belfast Agreement (Good Friday Agreement)
Undergrounded actions of right-wing radicals
Religional and ethnical inequality