Derogatory – зневажливий
Appellation – називають
Primarily – у першу чергу
Distinguish – вирізняються
Perturbed – обурений
Female - жіночий
Signature - підпис
Tremendous - величезний
Regarded - рухаючись
Allowed - дозволено
Attitude - ставлення
Toward - до
Narrow pants – вузькі брюки
Narrow tie – вузька краватка
Stilyagi was a derogatory appellation for members of a youth subculture from the late 1940s until the early 1960s in the Soviet Union. Stilyagi were primarily distinguished by their snappy or fashionable clothing and their fascination with modern music and fashions.
Today, the stilyagi are regarded as part of Russian historical social trends which further developed during the late Soviet era and allowed "informal" views on life, such as hippies, punks and rappers.
Their apolitical views, neutral or negative attitudes toward Soviet morality, and their open admiration of modern, especially American, lifestyles were key characteristics that slowly developed during the 1950s. At the dawn of the phenomenon, the stilyagi look was rather a caricature, inspired by movies from abroad of recent years. By the late fifties, the look had evolved into something more elegant and stylish. Typical stilyagi wear included narrow pants, long jackets, narrow tie, bright color shirts and thick soled shoes.
Usually stilyagi enjoyed popular American music of 1940s, especially swing and boogie-woogie, especially the music of Glenn Miller, Benny Goodman and the soundtrack from the film Sun Valley Serenade. Stilyagi developed their own styles of dance originated from boogie-woogie and later also adopted rock-n-roll.
The first stilyagi were from the generation of young adults in their early twenties who had lived through the hard times of economical crisis and World War II, leaving them emotionally perturbed about the future of their lives.
Many of the young men returning from the army were heavily influenced by the contact with the foreign countries and modern trends at the time. As a result, many of them wore clothes based on images from abroad and young women later adopted styles from modern female stereotypes too.
Main attribute Stilyagi was saxophone, personified music free people. Stilyagi admired foreign music and dancing - especially jazz.
In the late 1950s, the catchphrase "Today he dances jazz, but tomorrow will sell motherland" became the stilyagi's signature and the key idea underlying their social protest. Stilyagi were recognized as an official musical, artistic and pop culture movement that later took on further modern influences, notably rockabilly, rock-n-roll and pop rock musical genres.
The influence of the stilyagi movement on Soviet-Russian culture is tremendous. Many of today's most respected Russian musicians, writers, film editors and other cultural personalities belonged to the movement. There is a 2008 Russian comedy musical film "Stilyagi" about this subculture.
WORKForm 11-AKate Sereda Lysia Levischenko Karina Yedigarayn