The Jungle Book
By: Rudyard Kipling
Birth Date: 12/30/1865
Death Date: 1/18/1936 (ulcer hemorrhage)
Place of Birth: Bombay, India
Place of Death: Burwash, England
Parents: John & Alice Kipling
John: Artist & Architect
Alice: Strong ties to the arts
Sibling: Alice Kipling
. . . More Kipling facts
Editor of his school magazine
Worked for many newspapers post school
1892, Married Caroline Balestier
Two daughters – Josephine (1892-99) & Elsie (1896-1976)
One son – John (1897-1915) died in WWI – Rudyard suffered gastric ulcers from his worry over his son.
1886- Assistant Editor of Civil and Military Gazette
1888- Editor of the weekly supplement, The Week’s News
1892- Wrote many novels and short stories, but began writing children’s novels.
1893- The Jungle Book published. 2nd Jungle Book published in 1895.
1907– awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature.
. . . More on Kipling’s career
1910– poem “If- ” published within a series of historical stories
1917– Joined the War Graves Commission as a result of his son’s disappearance.
1937- Kipling’s last writings, contained in Something of Myself for my Friends Known and Unknown, published.
1976- Elsie Bambridge Kipling, Rudyard’s last surviving child, died childless. His copyrights were left by her to the National Trust.
Kipling’s Old Home
Kipling’s Last Home
K i p l i n g’ sF u n e r a l
First known settlement appeared over 9,000 years ago.
Sovereign country in South Asia.
Largest democracy in the world. (socialist republic)
28 states & 7 federally governed union territories
India’s geographical plate-shift gave rise to the Himalayan Mountains.
Taj Mahal is India’s most popular tourist site.
Motto: Truth Alone Triumphs
Anthem: Thou art the ruler of the minds of all people
National Song: “I bow to thee, Mother!”
Capital: New Delhi
Languages: Hindi and English
Aug. 15, 1947 – declared independence from UK
Jan. 26, 1950 – became a Republic country
7th largest country (by area)
2nd most populous (1.12 billion)
. . . More India Facts
Currency: Indian Rupee
Name Derivation: Indus, which is derived from the Old Persian word Hindu.
Animal: Royal Bengal Tiger
Bird: Indian Peacock
Sport: Field Hockey
Kipling was born in Bombay, India
Customs and ways of life familiar to Kipling
Kipling shares his love of and fascination with India with his readers who are not able to visit this magical place.
The Jungle Book
Centers around the life of a young boy named Mowgli.
Mowgli is raised by wolves and lives among animals located in the Indian Jungle.
His stories are featured in three stories within The Jungle Book: “Mowgli’s Brothers,” “Kaa’s Hunting,” and “Tiger, Tiger.”
Kaa – Rock Python Snake
Not evil; just has a different method of hunting
Akela – head of the wolf council
He is a good ruler and a true friend to Mowgli
Mowgli – main character (young boy)
Baloo – loveable, brown bear.
The only non-wolf member (besides Mowgli) of the Wolf Council of Elders
Mowgli’s best friend
Members of the Bandar-Log – band of wild monkeys, portrayed by “King Louie” in the animated version
Bagheera – sleek and wise black panther
Mowgli’s friend, sponsor, and tutor
Born and raised in captivity
Shere Khan – Striped tiger who is sometimes called the “Big One” and “Lungri, the Lame One”
Feared for his power, but he is not respected
Layout of the Story
Consists of seven (7) short stories:
Three (3) are about Mowgli and his jungle friends.
Four (4) are a series of animal fables.
Each story is followed by a lyrical poem or song, supposedly sung or spoken by the main character, summarizing the story.
Mistrust of People Who are Different
Mowgli’s entrance into the wolf pack
Mowgli’s entrance into the village, as well as the villager’s perceptions of Mowgli
The Value of Friendship
Relationships between Mowgli and the jungle animals
Innocence of Animals and Children
Animals appearance as non-threatening to humans
Mowgli’s innocence toward the animals, as well as his judgment towards the animals and the village people.
Places in The Jungle Book
Tropical jungle in the British colony of India
Bering Sea (“The White Seal” and “Servants of the Queen”) - Novastoshnah
Monkey City of Bandar-Log
Think about it…
How are you like Mowgli?
How are yours and Mowgli’s worlds similar?
Is it important for a youth to leave their “safety-nest” and go live among others who are like them?
How much of our “life experiences” influence our thinking, our goals, and our perception of the world around us?