Sir Alexander Fleming (6 August 1881 – 11 March 1955) was a Scottish biologist and pharmacologist. Fleming published many articles on bacteriology, immunology and chemotherapy. His best-known achievements are the discovery of the enzyme lysozymein in 1923 and the antibiotic substance penicillin in 1928, for which he shared the Nobel Prize in Physiology or in 1945 with Howard Walter and Ernst Boris.
Alexander Fleming was born on 6 August 1881 in Lochfield, Britain. It was the third of four children born remarried Hugh Fleming, who died when Alexander was seven. Fleming was, until 1894, a rudimentary education. Thirteenth birthday, he moved to London to live with a brother who exercised there as a physician and completed his education.
In 1900 he joined the London Scottish Regiment with the intention of participating in the Boer War, taking part in the First World War as an officer of the Royal Army Medical Corps in France.
At twenty he studied medicine. In 1901 he won a scholarship to St. Mary's Hospital Medical School in Paddington. In 1906 he joined the team of the bacteriologist Sir Almroth Wright for 40 years.
In 1906 He started working at Saint Mary’s Hospital in London.|
In 1908 he graduated, winning the gold medal of the University of London. In 1928 he became professor of bacteriology , retiring in 1948.
In 1955, Fleming died suddenly of a heart attack at his residence in London.
In 1928 he became professor at the University of London.
In 1945 He got the Nobel Prize in medicine, with H. W. Florey and E. B. Chain.
Fleming's career was devoted to investigating the human body's defenses against bacterial infections. His name is associated with two important discoveries: lysozyme and penicillin.
Important history eventes
1912 : Titanic sinks at 2:20 am, taking with her the lives of more than 1,500 people.
1915: This decade is marked by the First War World which started in 1914 and finished in 1918.
-The formation of the USSR.
1936: The Spanish Civil War started.
1939: End of the Spanish Civil War. It started the dictatorship of Francisco Franco.
-Start of the Second World War.
1941:The Japanese navy attacked Pearl Harbour and U.S.A declared the war against Japan.
1945:Mussolini was executed and Adolf Hitler killed himself.
- U.S.A attacked the cities of hiroshima and nagasaki with atomic bombs.
1955 :Spain went into the U.N.
Famous people at that time
Manuel Azaña( Second president of the Spanish Republic).
Adolf Hitler (German dictator).
Francisco Franco(Spanish dictator).
Benito Mussolini(Italian dictator).
Franklin D. Roosevelt( president of U.S .A).
Juan Ramón Jimenez.
Claude Debussy .
Manuel de Falla .
Movies and actors:
Alexander Fleming is famous because of the discovery of penicillin, an antibiotic that revolutionized modern medicine.
In 1923, Fleming discovered a substance called lysozyme bacteriolytic in tissues and secretions.
In 1928, he discovered a substance called penicillin antibiotic that became one of the most powerful discoveries to treat any bacterial infections today
In 1945, he shared the Nobel Prize for the discovery of penicillin in conjunction with Howard Walter Florey and Ernst Boris Chain
On 10 March 1944, the fist two doses of penicillin in Spain were administered.
Just before the spring of 1944, one engineer of Coruña and a girl of 9 years old from Madrid were waiting for the penicillin to come from Rio de Janeiro because it was the only possibility to salve they lives.
The antibiotic for the engineer and the girl come on plane from rio de Janeiro but in the 2 cases the antibiotic didn’t has any effect and they died.In this situation the doctors wants to increase the production of the antibiotic to meet the enormous demand that exists.