Steven Paul Jobs (February 24, 1955 – October 5, 2011) was an American businessman and inventor widely recognized as a charismatic pioneer of the personal computer revolution.
Steven Paul Jobs was born in San Francisco on 24 February 1955, to two university students, Joanne Carole Schieble and Syrian born Abdulfattah "John" Jandali who were both unmarried at the time. He was adopted at birth by Paul Reinhold Jobs (1922–1993) and Clara Jobs (1924–1986). Clara's maiden name was Hagopian. When asked about his "adoptive parents," Jobs replied emphatically that Paul and Clara Jobs "were my parents." His biological parents subsequently married (December 1955), had a second child Mona Simpson in 1957, and divorced in 1962.Jobs married Laurene Powell, March 18, 1991. Wedding Zen monk Kobun led Tino Otogava. The couple have a son and two daughters. Jobs also have a daughter Lisa Brennan-Jobs (born 1978) from the relationship with the artist Krisanov Brennan. Initially, he denied paternity, but later admitted his.
He was co-founder, chairman, and chief executive officer of Apple Inc. Jobs was co-founder and previously served as chief executive of Pixar Animation Studios; he became a member of the board of directors of The Walt Disney Company in 2006, following the acquisition of Pixar by Disney.
In the late 1970s, Apple co-founder Steve Wozniak engineered one of the first commercially successful lines of personal computers, the Apple II series. Jobs directed its aesthetic design and marketing along with A.C. "Mike" Markkula, Jr. and others.
In the early 1980s, Jobs was among the first to see the commercial potential of Xerox PARC's mouse-driven graphical user interface, which led to the creation of the Apple Lisa (engineered by Ken Rothmuller and John Couch) and, one year later, creation of Apple employee Jef Raskin's Macintosh
In 1996, NeXT was acquired by Apple. The deal brought Jobs back to the company he co-founded, and provided Apple with the NeXT STEP codebase, from which the Mac OS X was developed." Jobs was named Apple advisor in 1996, interim CEO in 1997, and CEO from 2000 until his resignation
The company subsequently branched out, introducing and improving upon other digital appliances. With the introduction of the iPod portable music player, iTunes digital music software, and the iTunes Store, the company made forays into consumer electronics and music distribution.
On June 29, 2007, Apple entered the cellular phone business with the introduction of the iPhone, a multi-touch display cell phone, which also included the features of an iPod and, with its own mobile browser, revolutionized the mobile browsing scene.
In mid-2004, Jobs announced to his staff that he had been diagnosed with a malignant tumor in the pancreas. After initial resistance to the idea of conventional medical intervention and follow a special diet Jobs suffered "Whipple surgery" in July 2004, resulting in a tumor was successfully udalena.Vo the absence of Steve Jobs managed by Tim Cook - Head of International Sales and Operations Apple. In April 2009, Jobs underwent a liver transplant at Methodist Hospital at the University of Tennessee in Memphis. Forecast for Jobs was "excellent." January 17, 2011, six years after the return of Steve Jobs with a liver transplant, Apple announced that it granted a medical leave. Jobs announced his departure in a letter to employees, stating that his decision was made "so that he could concentrate on his health." At the end of August 2011 on the published photographs Jobs was clear that he was very thin and needs a wheelchair. October 5, 2011, Steve Jobs has died at age 56 after a long battle with cancer. Upon learning of the death of Steve Jobs, the crowd of Americans came to Apple stores in New York, Los Angeles and other cities. People brought flowers, lit candles, left cards of condolence. U.S. President Barack Obama expressed his condolences and called Jobs embodied the spirit of American ingenuity. Sincere condolences expressed by such famous people as Dmitry Medvedev, Mark Zuckerberg, Bill Gates, Vitali Klitschko.