"Green" movement in the world
Has executed: Molchan and Ptashnyk
Green movement-general the name of groups, currents, the nongovernmental and political organisations engaged in struggle against destruction of environment and achieving harmony in mutual relations between the person and the nature.
Green color which is used by participants of movement as the general emblem, serves as a symbol of the nature, hope and updating
The main objective — to achieve the decision of global environmental problems, including by attraction to them of attention of the public and the authorities.
Crisis accruing in the conditions of a developed industrial society in mutual relations between a human society and environment surrounding it became a real basis for occurrence Green.
In 1971 the small group of the active workers inspired by dream of the pure world without war and violence, has gone to swimming on the small fishery vessel from the Canadian city of Vancouver. Active workers of anti-war movement, the future founders Green Peace, trusted, that even some persons can make much for the planet.
One of the largest victories are the given campaign can name refusal of flooding of an oil platform Brent Spar as it contained many toxic substances. Several active workers managed to steal up on a raft to a platform and to chain themselves to it. The parliament of Great Britain has resolved companies Shell the given procedure, but the company management nevertheless has made decision to cancel flooding and to arrive how active workers recommended to them: have disassembled a platform in parts ashore.
Public control and informing of the Center of the world heritage on a condition of an ecosystem of Baikal (1996-2001);
Participation in working out and assistance to adoption of law of the Russian Federation «About protection of lake Baikal» (1995-1999);
Stop of civil-engineering designs of new ecologically dangerous manufactures in Baikalsk (1995-2000);
Closing of shop mercury электролиза at industrial complex "Усольехимпром" and the termination of pollution of the river of Angara by mercury (1997-1998);
In 2007 the Moscow experts have not allocated any quota for shooting of the Baikal seal (2007);
The government of the Russian Federation has suspended working out of the Holodninsky deposit located in the Central ecological zone of the Baikal natural territory (2008).
National offices Green Peace are opened in 43 countries of the world as the independent units working over achievement of the purposes of the national projects. Management of each such branch in which head there is a chief executive, carries out national board. The general policy and strategy of the international projects is defined at annual meetings of chief executives and directors for campaigns of all offices Green Peace.
The countries in which there are offices Greenpeace
The polar bear became the symbol of the first casualties, losing their habitat due to climate change. Many populations of polar bears will be threatened with extinction over the next century, if the warming trend in the Arctic will continue at current rates.
The Pacific walrus. In the Bering and Chukchi seas inhabits the Pacific walrus. In September this year, up to 200 dead walruses were found on the shore of the Chukchi Sea, north-west coast of Alaska.
The Pacific walrus
These animals use the drift-ice to rest, childbirth and nursing babies, as well as for protection from predators. Melting Arctic ice is a threat to Pacific walrus, so in September 2009, the Fish and Wildlife Service, the U.S. announced the addition of a walrus in the Endangered Species Act.
Magellanic penguin. Previously, Magellanic penguins threatened populations, primarily oil spills, but now they face a greater threat: as a result of warming ocean currents, the fish moves, causing the birds to swim farther in search of food.
Last year, hundreds of Magellanic penguins issued to the beach in the vicinity of Rio de Janeiro, many were exhausted or dead. 12 of 17 penguin species are currently threatened with rapid declines in population size.
Bluefin tuna - a large migratory fish in the western and eastern Atlantic and Mediterranean.
The outbreak has undermined the popularity of sushi literally population of bluefin tuna caught in danger of extinction. Temporary ban on the global trade in bluefin tuna meat would help the population recover
Monarch butterfly. Each year, millions of butterflies monarch Danaides migrate from North America to Mexico - their winter habitat. The reserves of pine and fir forests in Mexico are a prerequisite for the survival of overwintering monarchs, who are recognized as endangered.
Most of the panda is an endangered species with an ever-decreasing size of population and low birthrate, both in the wild and in captivity for the content. Scientists suggest that in the wild there are about 1600 species.