Презентація "Schools & Education in - England- Germany"

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Presentation
Schools & Education in
- England- Germany


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Facts aboutEducation in Germany
School education is free
Generally it lasts for 12-13 years
The system of education has 3 parts


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Children between the ages of 3 and 6 attend Kindergärten, which are not part of the school systemWhen children reach 6 years old age they go in so-called Grundschule. Fist level (part) of secondary education begins with division in schools by abilities.


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 There are four options for secondary schooling:Hauptschule (the least academic, much like a modernized Volksschule [elementary school]) until grade nine (with Hauptschulabschluss and in some cases Mittlere Reife = Realschulabschuss as exit exam); in some States of Germany the Hauptschule does not exist and pupils are mainstreamed into a Mittelschule or Regionale Schule instead.Realschule until grade ten (with Mittlere Reife (Realschulabschluss) as exit exam);Gymnasium (grammar school) until grade 12 or 13 (with Abitur as exit exam, qualifying for university); andGesamtschule (comprehensive school)After successfully passing through any of the above schools, pupils can start a career with an apprenticeship in the Berufsschule (vocational school).


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Grade
Age
School level(Berlin)
School level(Rest of Germany)
1
6/7
primary
primary
2
7/8
3
8/9
4
9/10
5
10/11
secondary, part I
6
11/12
7
12/13
secondary, part I
8
13/14
9
14/15
10
15/16
secondary, part II
secondary, part II
11
16/17
12
17/18
(13)
(18/19)


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Facts aboutEducation in England
Nearly 90% of state-funded secondary schools are specialist schools
State-run schools and colleges are financed through national taxation


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All maintained schools in England are required to follow the National Curriculum , which is made up of twelve subjects.The core subjects—English, Mathematics and Science—are compulsory for all students aged 5 to 16.


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Since 1998, there have been 4 main types of maintained school in England:community schools (formerly county schools) St Barnabas Church of England Primary School, Oxford;voluntary controlled schools which are almost always church schools;voluntary aided schools linked to a variety of organisations;


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Sir Peter Newsam, Chief Schools Adjudicator 1999–2002, has argued that English schools can be divided into 8 types (with some overlap), based on the ability range of their intake:- "super-selective“- "selective" - "comprehensive (plus)" - comprehensive- "comprehensive (minus)" - secondary modern- "secondary modern (minus)" - "sub-secondary modern"