By Karina Ocheretyana
WHAT IS HIV??
“Human Immunodeficiency Virus”
A unique type of virus (a retrovirus)
Invades the helper T cells (CD4 cells) in the body of the host (defense mechanism of a person)
Threatening a global epidemic.
Preventable, managable but not curable.
WHAT IS AIDS ???
“Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome”
HIV is the virus that causes AIDS
Disease limits the body’s ability to fight infection due to markedly reduced helper T cells.
Patients have a very weak immune system (defense mechanism)
Patients predisposed to multiple opportunistic infections leading to death.
Opportunistic infections and malignancies that rarely occur in the absence of severe immunodeficiency (eg, Pneumocystis pneumonia, central nervous system lymphoma).
Persons with positive HIV serology who have ever had a CD4 lymphocyte count below 200 cells/mcL or a CD4 lymphocyte percentage below 14% are considered to have AIDS.
Modes of HIV/AIDS Transmission
Through Bodily Fluids
IntraVenous Drug Abuse
Without sterilization Increases the chances of contracting HIV
Myths about transmission
PRIMARY PREVENTION:4 ways to protect yourself?
New shaving/cutting blades
It is the most effective method of not acquiring HIV/AIDS.
Refraining from unprotected sex: oral, anal, or vaginal.
Refraining from intravenous drug use
Use condoms every time you have sex
Always use latex or polyurethane condom (not a natural skin condom)
Always use a latex barrier during oral sex
When Using A Condom Remember To:
Make sure the package is not expired
Make sure to check the package for damages
Do not open the package with your teeth for risk of tearing
Never use the condom more than once
Use water-based rather than oil-based condoms
HIV PREVALENCE IN VARIOUS REGIONS
Source: UNAIDS, AIDS Epidemic Update, December 2004.
Total = 39.4 million
North Africa/Middle East
WHAT WE CAN DO??
UNAIDS Outcome Framework 2009–2011: nine priority areas
We can reduce sexual transmission of HIV.
We can prevent mothers from dying and babies from becoming infected with HIV.
We can ensure that people living with HIV receive treatment.
We can prevent people living with HIV from dying of tuberculosis.
We can protect drug users from becoming infected with HIV.
We can remove punitive laws, policies, practices, stigma and discrimination that
block effective responses to AIDS.
We can stop violence against women and girls.
We can empower young people to protect themselves from HIV.
We can enhance social protection for people affected by HIV.
LIVING WITH HIV/AIDS