"Village Landscape in the works of Russian and Ukrainian artists of the 19th and 20th centuries"
Alexey Gavrilovich Venetsianov
(1780 - 1847)
He enjoyed lessons Borovikovsky. Was an honorary a free partaker of the Academy of Arts. In addition to the village of types and scenes of everyday vernacular, Venetsianov painted portraits and paintings of religious content. Genre of his best known works: "An introduction dying," "Old Maid, based on a crutch," "peasant boy, putting himself to his feet sandals," "Barnyard", "Sleeping Shepherd," "The lady occupied household" and "The group of peasants", "Summer" and "Etude peasant", "ballerina dress for the ball," and religious paintings - "intercession of the Virgin of the pupils Smolny Convent"
Spring, On Ploughed Land, 1820s
"The Sleeping Shepherd"
Alexei Vasilievich Tyranov
Tyranov Alexei V. was born in 1808 in Bezhetsk.
Tyranov A.V. - Russian portrait painter, a master of the interior. Portraits Tyranova covered with the spirit of Romanticism, but at the same time they can see the desire to master to reveal to the audience the inner, spiritual world models. In Tyranova in his works present softness and lyricism perception of nature. The best works in this genre - portraits Lazhechnikov writer, artist Ivan Aivazovsky, artist Alekseev, poet Pletnev, portrait Kovrigina. As a portraitist, he will be very popular for the high class portraiture.Alexey Tyranov died August 3, 1859, in the city of Tver Province Kashin, living in the family of his brother.
Grigoriy Vasilyevich Soroka
In 1842-1847 gg. studied painting with A. Venetsianov, was one of his favorite students. Imbued with contemplation, naively perceived idea of harmony in life, work Sorokina (landscapes, genre scenes, interiors, portraits) transmit tranquility immersed in nature slumber, regularity of life of the manor house, thoughtful rest of the characters. His works are characterized by a thin consistency tones golden-brown color, isolation and static compositions in the treatment of generalized forms and at the same time love playing parts of the world. In his paintings often depicted Sorokin water, but unlike Aivazovsky, the paintings of this artist's water is quiet, calm.
Dam in Spasskoye, Tambov Guberniya
Alexei Kondratyevich Savrasov
Russian painter peyzazhist.V early works Savrasov dominated by romantic effects ("View of the Kremlin in inclement weather," 1851god). The painting "The Rooks Have Come" (1871), where Savrasov, portraying seemingly nondescript motif and emphasizing the natural environment in the life time of transition (onset of early spring), was able to show the deep intimacy of mother nature. One of the leading representatives of the lyrical direction in the Russian landscape, has had an enormous impact on the Russian landscape painters of the late 19th - early 20th century
Landscape with River and Angler (1859)
Monastery of Caves near Nizhny Novgorod (1871)
Lev Lvovich Kamenev
Lev Kamenev was born in 1831 in the city of Rylsk, a merchant family. In 1851 he entered the Moscow School of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture, where his teachers were KI Rabus and AK Savrasov. The beloved disciple and friend of AK Savrasova.
In 1869, LL Kamenev became an academician. In 1871, painter active is one of the founders of the Association of Traveling Art Exhibitions. Stone has become perhaps the most prominent Russian artists working fine lyrical landscapes. According to Konstantin Korovin in landscapes Kamenev "through some unearthly poetry Russian forests, roads, hills, covered with bushes and lit the evening sun village."
Lev Kamenev died January 14, 1886 in Savvinskaya settlement near Zvenigorod.
Fog. Red Pond in Moscow in Autumn, 1871.
"Savvino Storozhevsky Monastery near Zvenigorod," 1860.
Vasily Dmitrievich Polenov
Vasily Polenov was born into a noble family in St. Petersburg on May 20 (June 1) in 1844. He studied at the Petrozavodsk school, and, having completed a course of training, became an apprentice in the Imperial Academy of Arts, where he learn the basics skills of Paul Petrovich Chistyakov. In Paris, the famous artist created his painting "The arrest of the Countess d'Etremon" which secured him the title of academician, he received the title in 1876. In the 1870s, has been working in the field of theater and decorative painting. From 1882 to 1895 he was a teacher at the Moscow School of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture. 1910-1918 years have passed for Polenova in active outreach, he participated in the organization of the national theater.
Polenov's celebrated painting of a traditional Russian courtyard (1878).
Isaac Ilyich Levitan
Levitan, Isaac Ilyich - a famous painter (1861 - 1900). Born in Kovno province into a Jewish family. His "Simonov Monastery" was one of the best things on the student exhibition 1879 Levitan worked in the landscape class Savrasova. By the nineties are the best works of Levitan; such as: "Quiet abode", "In the pool," "Eternal Rest", "March". Many works of Levitan dispersed in private collections and collections. In the Tretyakov Gallery: "Autumn day. Sokolniki", "The Fog," "On the Volga", "Autumn", "After the Rain", "Evening", "Moonlit Night", "At the pool", "Vladimirka," "Eternal peace, "" Summer Evening "," March "," breeze "and much more; in the Rumyantsev Museum in Moscow - "Spring big water", "Evening" and "at the stream"; in the museum of Alexander III in St. Petersburg - "The Tempest - rain," "Early Spring", "Golden Autumn", "Volga"," The Village autumn "and others.
Golden Autumn, 1895
"Twilight. Rick "(1899, Tretyakov Gallery)